Cadets are trained and tested in General Knowledge, Drill, Cross-country, First Aid, Health and Hygiene, Map Reading, Obstacles, Firing, Group Discussion, Personal Interview, Line Area, Flag Area and Cultures. Cadets also participate in inter-group and inter-collegiate competitions.
The training is broadly divided into four distinct categories namely Institutional Training, Community Development, Youth Exchange Programme and Adventure Activities.
Institutional Training: Cadets must be made to understand the aim and purpose of teaching drill, so that they are suitably motivated and do not take it as "fatigue". Emphasis will be laid on correct bearing, marching, saluting and arms drill. Cadets generally take keen interest in weapon training and firing. All cadets get an opportunity to fire their authorized ammunition.
Physical Fitness, First Aid, Camp Training which forms the most vital part of the NCC Training. In camps, young cadets get the thrill and joy of outdoor and community living. Besides, All India Camps such as National Integration, Leadership, Army Attachment, Republic Day and Independence Day Camps in which cadets from all parts of the country work together and contribute greatly towards promoting national integration. These camps widen the horizon of the young cadets and provide them an opportunity to forge bonds of national brotherhood. These camps help abridge cultural gaps, break regional and language barriers and bring the youth from different parts of the country closer to each other.
Community Development: These activities aim at making our young people conscious of and sensitive to the needs and problems of their fellow countrymen and enabling them to contribute meaningfully to enriching community life. The NCC has been in the forefront in rendering assistance to the needy. Some of the major areas of activities include blood donation, adult literacy. anti-dowry, anti-leprosy, anti-drug, tree plantation, eye donation and construction of roads. NCC has also laid great stress on ecology and conversation of plant life.
Youth Exchange Programme: This is a very important activity. It is done to increase international understanding and bolster awareness. These exchanges are done with NCC community of 10 countries namely Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Canada, Maldives, Nepal, Singapore, UK, Russia and Vietnam at international level.
This exchange programme includes mutual visits up to 24 cadets for a period of two weeks. Cadets carry out community development work, study history, culture and socio-economic conditions of YEP countries.
Adventure Training: Adventure activities are organized to develop special qualities of courage, leadership, spirit of adventure, sportsmanship, spirit of comradeship, team work and self confidence amongst the cadets. Some of the activities are Trekking, Rock-climbing, Mountaineering, Para Jumping, Scuba Diving, Water Skiing, Sailing, Kayaking and Yachting. Para Sailing, Glider and Micro light Flying, Slithering and Cycle/Motorcycle expeditions.